Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common chronic inflammatory skin disorder. In Greece, there is a lack of data on AD epidemiology.
Objectives: The objective of the present study was to estimate the self-reported prevalence of AD and the prevalence of moderate/severe AD in the adult population in Greece.
Materials & methods: A nationwide cross-sectional survey with a structured questionnaire was conducted, between June 17th, 2021 and July 12th, 2021, using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) and Computer Assisted web Interviewing (CAWI) data collection methods. Several different self-reported AD definitions, as extracted from the literature, were used. Self-reported moderate/severe atopic dermatitis was estimated using the Patient Oriented Eczema Measure (POEM).
Results: More than 30,500 persons were invited to participate; among them, 3,001 were recruited for the survey. The 12-month self-reported AD prevalence in Greece ranged from 1.7% to 6.4%, while lifetime prevalence reached 11.4%. At least half of the responders who identified with AD during the last 12 months had moderate to very severe eczema. The multivariate analysis confirmed that age, atopy-related comorbidities (asthma, allergies, and rhinitis), a family history of AD, rhinitis, and asthma were factors that are independently associated with AD, irrespective of the definition used.
Conclusion: The 12-month and lifetime prevalence of AD in adults in Greece ranges from 1.7% to 6.4% and 3.7% to 11.4%, respectively. At least half of the adults with AD suffer from moderate-to-severe disease. Our study is a first step in understanding AD epidemiology in Greece and may provide useful insights for healthcare decision makers.